セブ島・フィリピンへの英語・語学留学エージェント セブイチ > 英語コラム > Mactan Shrine: Remembering the Battle of Mactan

Mactan Shrine: Remembering the Battle of Mactan

2015年10月10日  英語コラム |
This is where the Battle of Mactan was said to have occurred; the sea is at low tide.

Do you know the first Southeast Asian and Filipino ever to defeat a European in battle? Mactan Shrine will tell and show you who.

WHAT IS MACTAN SHRINE?

Mactan Shrine is a historical park dedicated to preserving the memory of that one historical battle in Cebu that significantly influenced Philippine history. It is located particularly in Punta Engaño of Mactan Island, which is about 30 minutes away from Cebu mainland.

Mactan Shrine

Mactan Shrine

THE HISTORICAL BATTLE OF MACTAN

In the summer of 1521, Portuguese navigator and explorer Ferdinand Magellan and about 60 of his men made an assault into the territory of the opposing, more numerous Cebuano warriors led by their chieftain, Rajah Lapu-lapu. (“Rajah” is a designation for a chieftain ruling a baranganic community in ancient Philippine society.) Rajah Lapu-lapu, who ruled in Mactan Island, was in a bitter conflict with another chieftain, Rajah Sula (or Zula), at that time. Because he wanted to subdue Rajah Lapu-lapu, Rajah Sula asked Magellan for help. Magellan agreed with Sula to fight against Lapu-lapu, particularly to show his might.

(By this time, Magellan had already established good relationships with many “rajahs” in different areas of the Philippines. Magellan may have thought the battle would be an opportunity to gain more relationships with these powerful rulers and eventually conquer the Philippines for Spain.)

When Magellan attempted to convince Lapu-lapu to submit himself and his constituents to the control of Spain, Lapu-lapu refused. Thus, the Battle of Mactan occurred. However, things didn’t go as expected by Magellan because Lapu-lapu and his men were actually at a vantage point. Magellan’s troops were outnumbered, and the canon-armed Spanish ship, which was supposed to aid Magellan’s army, could not land near the shore because of the low tide. Plus, the sediments of the beach were loose and muddy, which may have made it difficult for the Spanish fighters to move around with their heavy armor. Thus, Lapu-lapu successfully defeated the Spanish invaders and defended his whole clan and territory and the Philippines, for some time.

This is where the Battle of Mactan was said to have occurred; the sea is at low tide.

This is where the Battle of Mactan was said to have occurred; the sea is at low tide.

Mactan Shrine remembers this eventful battle with monuments in the park and of course, the statue of the famous hero, Rajah Lapu-lapu. (I will be posting more information about the other monuments in Mactan Shrine soon.)

Monument of Rajah Lapu-lapu with his “Kampilan” sword and shield

Monument of Rajah Lapu-lapu with his “Kampilan” sword and shield

Consequently, Lapu-lapu became the first Filipino hero in the Philippines. He is remembered for his bravery against the European conquerors.

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この記事を書いた人

Sweden

Sweden

They call me Sweden. But I'm not the country, nor do I come from it. Rather, Sweden lives in the Philippines! I am currently studying Mass Communication. A great interest of mine that's related to this is watching (almost all kinds of) documentary films! Also, I like singing and dancing. I'm not a professional but I sure love doing them. I never get tired of it!
(彼女の名前は「スウェーデン」。常夏の国生まれなフィリピン人だけど、名前は北欧スウェーデンです。大学での専攻はマスコミュニケーション(生物学部からの転部)。英語学校の講師経験もあり、得意のライティング能力を生かして投稿していきます。)

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